8.3. Summary of this chapter
As mentioned above, the subjunctive mood was explained. It has the three, the present subjunctive mood, the past subjunctive mood and the subjunctive past perfect. The present and past subjunctive mood is relative to the present, and the subjunctive past perfect is relative to the past. The next time representation is the present subjunctive mood.
They decided that the match be put off.
This is not often used. The indicative mood is often used instead. It means the uncertain event. The next is the others.
a. If I were not ill, I could finish this today.
b. If I had known you were in hospital, I would have visited you.
(23a) is the past subjunctive mood and (23b) is the subjunctive past perfect. (M) or (E) which expresses the speaker's feeling is put.
Now, both of the two, the present subjunctive mood and the past subjunctive mood, express the present. The present subjunctive mood expresses the uncertain event but the past subjunctive mood expresses the unreal event. See the following diagram.
The above is the summary of them. The speaker's supposition of the past subjunctive mood was explained in 8.1.2.
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