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3.2. The prediction ( subjectiveness)
The prediction of "will" is the speaker's thought on the spot. It is parallel to the usages which are called the future form, the future tense and the future expression. (*15)

*15 The future form and the future tense are disputable, because several forms to express the future are seen, for example, "be going to" etc. Moreover, most of the modal auxiliary verbs have the future meaning.
"Will" and "shall" instead of the inflection are the same as the present tense grammatically.

That is to say, the volition is parallel to the modal auxiliary, but the prediction is parallel to the tense. (*16)

*16 It also tends to have the volition, therefore, the differences are not often seen.

a. You'll be in time for the train.
b. It will be cold tomorrow.

(Cf. 4.3.1. of The sense of time in English 2.)

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