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基礎からの英語学習の目次へ



Day 4-否定文と疑問文-


be動詞の否定形
 be動詞の後に、否定を表す「not」を続けます。

---------------
be動詞の現在形

I am not
he is not (isn't)
she is not (isn't)
it is not (isn't)

we are not (aren't)
you are not (aren't)
they are not (aren't)


be動詞の過去形

I was not (wasn't)
he was not (wasn't)
she was not (wasn't)
it was not (wasn't)

we were not (weren't)
you were not (weren't)
they were not (weren't)
( )の中は短縮形です。
---------------


They aren't Japanese.
(彼らは日本人ではありません。)
I wasn't hungry.
(私はおなかがすいていませんでした。)



動詞の否定形
 動詞の前に否定語を置きます。現在形なら「do not」(主語が三人称単数ならdoes not)、過去形なら「did not」を置きます。また、否定語の後の動詞は原形になります(「s」はつきません)。

---------------
動詞の現在形

I do not (don't) like
we do not (don't) like
you do not (don't) like
they do not (don't) like

he does not (doesn't) like
she does not (doesn't) like
it does not (doesn't) like


動詞の過去形

I did not (didn't) like
we did not (didn't) like
you did not (didn't) like
they did not (didn't) like
he did not (didn't) like
she did not (didn't) like
it did not (didn't) like
( )の中は短縮形です。
---------------


I don't drink coffee.
(私はコーヒーを飲みません。)
She doesn't drink coffee.
(彼女はコーヒーを飲みません。)
He didn't go to the library yesterday.
(彼は昨日図書館へ行かなかった。)
She didn't have breakfast this morning.
(彼女は今朝朝食をとらなかった。)



be動詞の疑問形
 be動詞の疑問形は主語とbe動詞の語順を逆にしてから、文の最後に「?」を続けます。

---------------
be動詞の現在形

Am I ...?
Is he ...?
Is she ...?
Is it ...?

Are we ...?
Are you ...?
Are they ...?


be動詞の過去形

Was I ...?
Was he ...?
Was she ...?
Was it ...?

Were we ...?
Were you ...?
Were they ...?
---------------


Is it cold?
(寒いですか。)
Are you tired?
(疲れていますか。)
Was she at work yesterday?
(彼女は昨日仕事をしましたか。)
Were they expensive?
(それらは高かったですか。)



動詞の疑問形
 動詞の疑問形は「do」(現在形で主語が三人称単数のときは「does」)を文頭におきます。そして動詞は原形にします。

---------------
動詞の現在形

Do I like ...?
Do we like ...?
Do you like ...?
Do they like ...?

Does he like ...?
Does she like ...?
Does it like ...?


動詞の過去形

Did I like ...?
Did we like ...?
Did you like ...?
Did they like ...?
Did he like ...?
Did she like ...?
Did it like ...?
---------------


Do you play tennis?
(あなたはテニスをしますか。)
Does she like music?
(彼女は音楽が好きですか。)
Did she come to the party yesterday?
(彼女は昨日パーティーに来ましたか。)
Did you go shopping?
(あなたは買い物に行きましたか。)



基礎からの英語学習の練習問題
 記述式の練習問題です。半角英数字で解答してください。
 

be動詞の否定文について
問題数:5問


動詞の否定文について
問題数:5問


be動詞の疑問文について
問題数:5問


動詞の疑問文について
問題数:5問


今日のレッスンはこれで終わりです。
お疲れ様でした。



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